May 26, 2009

Yarn Conditioning Process

Textile fibers are subjected to various physical operations to make in to a yarn. For example cotton fiber passes through opening, carding, drawing and spinning to become a yarn. During these phases the original moisture content on the fiber would have been lost and some static electricity would be carried by the fiber. The amount of static current carried by yarn changes from fiber to fiber. Similarly the strength of any fiber depends up on how close the present moisture content is to the original natural value.

Similarly some high twist yarn would tend to loose its twist as and when it is allowed freely, making a lengthwise elongation.

Some fibers would tend to shrink when exposed to hot atmosphere or any treatment that involves heat and hence higher temperature. For example polyamide, polyester etc.

Some blends like Cotton/Lycra, Viscose/Lycra require conditioning to make the width the fabric stable.

So all the above said factors, if not addressed properly would reflect badly on the final quality of yarn or fabric.

A process that addresses all the above parameters is called CONDITIONING. Conditioning process differs from fiber to fiber.

So conditioning is a preliminary process in any processing that improves and maintains the quality of yarn.

Conditioning may be done in yarn stage on perforated paper or plastic cones/cheeses in an Auto Clave or Horizontal beam dyeing machine as shown above.

Conditioning Process for various yarns:

1) 100% Polyester yarn: Load the yarn in the form cones wound on plastic cones, in to a beam dyeing machine. Introduce steam and raise the temperature to 100°C at 3°C per minutes. Steam for 15 minutes at 100°C followed by 15 minutes cooling = 1 cycle. Repeat the cycle for 4 times.

2) 100% Nylon: Load the yarn in the form cones wound on plastic cones, in to a beam dyeing machine. Introduce steam and raise the temperature to 100°C at 3°C per minutes. Steam for 15 minutes at 100°C followed by 15 minutes cooling to a temperature of 50°C = 1 cycle. Repeat the cycle for 4 times.

3) Silk yarn: Load the yarn in the form cones wound on plastic cones, in to a beam dyeing machine. Introduce steam and raise the temperature to 70°C at 3°C per minutes. Steam for 15 minutes at 70°C followed by 15 minutes cooling to a temperature for 30°C = 1 cycle. Repeat the cycle for 4 times.

4) Cotton/Lycra (40's Lycra) or Viscose/Lycra (60's) : Conditioning the yarn as mentioned for silk.

The following effects would be envisaged by steam-conditioning of yarn:

- Twist Setting - Preventing Snarling (yarn loops)

- Better Dye affinity - Eliminating static electricity

- Influencing the Cloth handle - Preventing crease-proneness

- High bulking - Humidifying

- Dye - fixing - De-crinkling

- Determining residual boiling shrinkage.

2 comments:

Sonali Sharma said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
sheila olson said...

Thank you for sharing the information.

I would like to inform that I have recently came across a site on internet named Fiber partner who is providing the service of polyester yarn, fiber etc.
www.fiberpartner.com